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·         Background 

Until 2003, the radiotherapy faculty members at the Department of Radiology in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (MUMS) were appointed to organizational positions. Since 2003, the Department of Radiotherapy-Oncology was established in the School of Medicine, and the department dean was selected with the vote of the clear majority in June 2003.

Achievements of the Department:

1.     Increasing the number of faculty members during 2003-2006 from two to nine faculty members (only in three years);

2.     Competent planning for the theoretical and practical training of the radiotherapy-oncology assistants and preparing them for participation in promotion and specialty board exams within a limited period of time (three years), with outstanding results and accomplishing the first and second rankings in two consecutive years for the specialty board of the field;

3.     Creating proper opportunities for two faculty members for the adjustment and presentation of the radiotherapy-oncology educational curriculum in the affiliated ministry and specialized council to be dispatched to all the universities and educational institutions across the country that are likely to employ radiotherapy-oncology assistants;

4.     Planning and follow-up of the preliminary measures and presenting the statute for the establishment of a cancer research center in MUMS, approved by the Research Council of the university in December 2006 (currently in process);

5.     Presently, the Department of Radiotherapy has 11 faculty members and 12 residents.


·         Objectives & Perspective 

One of the main objectives of the department is to train clinical oncology specialists to undertake roles in policy-making, research and education based on medical ethics and morals by using their knowledge and skills in the screening and prevention of cancer in the community and selection of the most effective diagnostic and treatment methods by considering the costs and effectiveness with an emphasis on preserving the quality of life and life expectancy of the patients in order to promote health in the community.

Main Objectives and Expected Educational Outcomes upon Graduation:

1. Ability to direct cancer registry systems and analysis of the regional, national and international results

2. Directing the comprehensive national agenda for screening and prevention of cancer

3. Essential role in the education and leadership of the medical team involved in the control and treatment of cancer

4. Familiarization with the evidence-based medical concepts and finding the latest evidence on the decision-making for cancer patients

5. Ability to design and execute epidemiological (descriptive) studies, case studies and clinical trials

6. Recognition of the principles of various types of research articles

7. Ability to analyze treatment algorithms and their application in the treatment of patients

8. Familiarization with the preliminary principles of medical education

9. Precise knowledge of cancer epidemiology in the country and world

10. Recognition of the influential factors in cancer

11. Identification of the signs and symptoms of cancer  

12. Recognition of the methods for the early diagnosis and screening of cancer

13. Adequate knowledge of the pathology of various malignancies

14. Adequate knowledge of the biomolecular basis of various malignancies and their role in the etiology, prevention, diagnosis, process and treatment of the disease

15. Sufficient knowledge and skills in using diagnostic and staging facilities

16. Adequate knowledge of the therapeutic techniques for cancer (surgical and non-surgical) and ability to determine the order of treatment measures by considering the cancer stage and general status of the patient

17. Sufficient skills in verifying the main goal of treatment and evaluation in disease prognosis

18. Adequate knowledge regarding radiations physics, radiobiology and protection against radiation exposure

19. Adequate knowledge and skills to perform various modes of radiotherapy (external, brachytherapy, radio-drugs, radiotherapy during surgery, radiosurgery) in the treatment of patients

20. Adequate knowledge and skills to use different techniques of radiation therapy for patient treatment

21. Adequate knowledge and skills to perform various methods of chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapies, and other systemic therapies in the treatment of patients, along with the complete knowledge of pharmacology, pharmacokinetics and their side effects 

22. Adequate knowledge and skills to minimize the early and late complications caused by cancer treatment methods

23. Sufficient knowledge of the early and late complications associated with radiotherapy, chemotherapy and other systemic and local treatments for cancer, as well as adequate skills in their diagnosis and correction

24. Adequate knowledge and skills to determine and perform various chemotherapy methods and other systemic therapies before, during and after surgery

25. Adequate knowledge and skills to determine and perform various techniques of radiation therapy before, during and after surgery

26. Adequate knowledge and skills to determine and perform hyperthermic and hyperbaric techniques along with radiation therapy

27. Adequate knowledge and skills to determine and perform chemotherapy and other systemic treatments before, after or simultaneous with radiotherapy

28. Adequate knowledge and skills to determine the sequence of therapeutic, diagnostic and preventative measures for patients

29. Ability to use blood, blood products and medications affecting the bone marrow in the treatment of cancer and complications associated with the treatment

30. Adequate knowledge of follow-up techniques with maximum profitability and minimum costs and determining the follow-up methods for patients

31. Knowledge and skills to perform therapeutic, supportive and palliative care in end-stage cancer patients

32. Sufficient skills in communicating with patients and their companions in order to win their trust and observing all the ethical principles and patients’ rights

33. Adequate knowledge of rehabilitative and supportive techniques for cancer patients

34. Sufficient skills in creating interdisciplinary connections in order to obtain the most effective diagnostic and therapeutic methods

35. Adequate knowledge to discover the causes of cancer in the patient and sufficient skills for the prevention and screening of cancer in patient’s family

36. Ability and skills to establish and manage cancer treatment and research centers

37. Adequate knowledge and skills to conduct research in various cancer-related fields and publication of the theoretical and experimental findings, as well as the research results

38. Sufficient skills to update the knowledge of oneself and other colleagues        



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